Veterans Benefits are perhaps the most misunderstood and underutilized resources available to millions of veterans and their families. While it is commonly known that certain benefits are available for the brave men and women who served in our armed forces, many veterans and their families are unaware that they could be eligible for an even wider range of benefits through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), even if they did not directly retire from the military or suffer injuries in the line of duty.
Veterans Benefits offered to eligible beneficiaries include:
Aid and Attendance Pension: Aid and Attendance Pension is a benefit that may be obtained by a veteran or their surviving spouse if they require the ongoing assistance of another person to provide for some of their activities of daily living (ADLs) including dressing, eating, bathing and or tolieting. Persons who are unable do perform these tasks due to physical or mental incapacity are eligible for Aid and Attendance. The Aid and Attendance benefit can be used to offset the cost of an assisted living facility or keep the veteran or spouse safely in their own home. The application must be accompanied by proper forms, discharge papers and medical evidence such as a physician's statement and medical bills. Our office can offer assistance with applications, guidelines, benefit planning and coordination with other government benefits.
At present the Aid and Attendance Benefit can provide up to $1,788.00 per month for the benefit to a veteran and $ 1,149.00 to a surviving spouse of a veteran or up to $ 2,120.00 to a couple where both qualify for benefits.
A veteran or the veteran's surviving spouse may be eligible if the veteran:
- Was discharged from a branch of the United States Armed Forces under conditions that were not dishonorable AND
- Served at least one day (did not have to be served in combat) during the following wartime periods and had 90 days of continuous military service:
- World War I: April 6, 1917, through November 11, 1918
- World War II: December 7, 1941, through December 31, 1946
- Korean War: June 27, 1950, through January 31, 1955
- Vietnam War: August 5, 1964 (February 28, 1961, for veterans who served "in country" before August 5, 1964), through May 7, 1975
- Persian Gulf War: August 2, 1990, through a date to be set by Presidential Proclamation or Law.
- Burial and Memorial: In exchange for the service that veterans have selflessly given to the United States, the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense provide several memorial and burial services for eligible active-duty, Reserve, Guard, retired and veteran members. All veterans and military family members should be aware of the memorial benefits offered by the Department of Veterans Affairs before they are actually needed.
- Death Pension: The VA Death Pension is a benefit paid to eligible dependents of deceased wartime veterans.
- Dependency and Indemnity Compensation: This is a monthly benefit paid to eligible survivors of certain deceased veterans.
- Disability Compensation: Certain military veterans with a service-related disability may qualify for regular monthly benefits. These benefits are generally tax-free and are paid to veterans who have injuries or diseases that occurred while on active duty, or were aggravated and made worse by active military service. It is also paid to certain veterans disabled as a result of care provided by VA medical facilities.
- Employment & Training: The Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Labor and the Department of Education all administer a number of employment, education, and training programs for veterans. These programs include, but are not limited to The Montgomery G.I. Bill - Active Duty, The Montgomery G.I. Bill – Selected Reserve, Veterans’ Educational Assistance Program (VEAP), Veterans Upward Bound and Veterans’ Employment and Training.
- Parents DIC: Parents' Dependency and Indemnity Compensation is an income-based monthly benefit for the parents of a military service member or veteran who has died.
- Special Monthly Compensation: Special Monthly Compensation (SMC) is a monetary compensation (in addition to the regular VA Disability Compensation) to a veteran who, as a result of military service, incurred the loss or the loss of use of specific organs or extremities. Loss, or loss of use, is described as either an amputation or having no effective remaining function of an extremity or organ.
- Survivor Benefits: Surviving family members of veterans are entitled to certain benefits that can help ease their financial difficulties. When a loved one dies, it can be emotionally difficult to look into available benefits, but this process should be done as soon as possible to prevent eligibility problems.
- Veterans Health Care: The Veterans' Health Care Eligibility Reform Act was passed by Congress in October of 1996, paving the way for the Medical Benefits Package plan to be made available to all enrolled veterans. The Medical Benefits Package emphasizes preventive and primary care and offers a full range of inpatient and outpatient services.
In addition, combat veterans returning from active military service may be eligible to receive free health care services and nursing home care for up to two years, beginning on the date of separation from active military service. This benefit covers all illnesses and injuries except those clearly unrelated to military service. Dental services are not included in this health care package.
- Veterans Life Insurance: Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance (SGLI) is a program which provides low cost group life insurance to service members on active duty, ready reservists, members of the National Guard, members of the Commissioned Corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Public Health Service, cadets and midshipmen of the four service academies and members of the Reserve Officer Training Corps.
Unfortunately, many eligible beneficiaries are initially denied these benefits when a claim is filed. Applicants should be aware that the decisions for these claims can be appealed by veterans and their eligible family members. The process for appeals generally begins with the Board of Veterans Appeals (BVA) in Washington, D.C. Once a claim has been filed and consequently denied, the veteran or other potentially eligible beneficiary has sixty days to file for an appeal with their regional office.
Legislation was passed and came into effect on June 20, 2007 which provides veterans the option of retaining an attorney after the first denial by the Department of Veterans Affairs at the “Notice of Disagreement” (NOD) stage.
The Department of Veterans Affairs benefits claims and appeals process can be complicated. If a veteran or a veteran’s family members have received a denial of benefits to which they believe they are entitled, it is in their best interest to contact an attorney who is familiar with veterans benefits to assist them with the application and appeals process.
The Law Office of Patricia A. Powis is a New York Elder Law Firm serving the needs of clients throughout Queens County, Suffolk County, & Nassau County New York including Bayside, Ridgewood, Glendale, Ozone Park, Whitestone, Corona, Flushing, Bellerose, Floral Park, Hempstead, New Hyde Park, Brookhaven, Islip, Deer Park, Merrick and Smithtown.